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The lush green of emeralds is probably their most defining characteristic. These gemstones range in color from a pale, almost translucent green to a deep, rich green. The finest emeralds are even bluish green. Emeralds are found all over the world, but Colombia produces some of the highest quality specimens.
Emeralds have been treasured for centuries and were once only affordable by royalty and the very wealthy. Today, they are still quite pricey but more accessible to the average person than ever before.
Due to their Mohs hardness rating of 7-8, emeralds are durable enough for everyday wear if they are properly cared for. However, because they do contain cleavage planes, extreme heat or blows can cause them to shatter. Therefore, it is best to remove emerald jewelry before engaging in any strenuous activity or exposure to extreme temperature changes.
To clean an emerald, simply use warm soapy water and a soft cloth. Avoid harsh chemicals and ultrasonic cleaners as they can damage the surface of these delicate gemstones. For additional protection, have your emerald jewelry professionally cleaned and inspected every few years.
Sapphires come in every color of the rainbow with the exception of red (which would then be classified as a ruby). The most popular and commercially available colors are blue, pink, and purple. Blue sapphires tend to be the most highly sought after and expensive, followed by pink sapphires.
These gemstones are found all over the world but some of the finest quality specimens come from Sri Lanka and Kashmir. In fact, “Kashmir blue” has become synonymous with the highest quality sapphire. Sapphires from Madagascar and Thailand are also growing in popularity due to their rich colors and affordable prices.
With a Mohs hardness rating of 9, sapphires are one of the hardest gemstones making them ideal for everyday wear. They can easily withstand exposure to plain soap and water but should not be exposed to harsh chemicals or ultrasonic cleaners as this can damage their surface. For best results, have your sapphire jewelry professionally cleaned once every few years.
Rubies are known for their beautiful red color which ranges from a light pinkish hue to a deep crimson hue. The finest rubies display a vivid hue with minimal impurities which make them very rare and extremely valuable. Most commercially available rubies typically fall on the lower end of that spectrum with some degree of impurities present. Rubies from Burma are considered to be among the finest in terms of color and clarity but they command very high prices as a result. Thai rubies are also highly prized for their beauty but tend to be more affordable than Burmese rubies making them a good option for those on a budget. In recent years, ruby deposits have been discovered in Tanzania which has helped increase availability and drive down prices somewhat making these gemstones more accessible to the general public
Rubies have a Mohs hardness rating of 9 making them one of the hardest gemstones. This means they are durable enough for everyday wear if they are properly cared for. However, because rubies do contain cleavage planes, extreme heat or blows can cause them to shatter. Therefore, it is best to remove ruby jewelry before engaging in any strenuous activity or exposure to extreme temperature changes.
To clean a ruby, simply use warm soapy water and a soft cloth. Avoid harsh chemicals and ultrasonic cleaners as they can damage the surface of these delicate gemstones. For additional protection, have your ruby jewelry professionally cleaned and inspected every few years
When shopping for rubies, it is important to keep in mind that because these gemstones are so highly prized, they are often synthetic or imitation. Therefore, it is important to only purchase rubies from a reputable dealer who can provide certification of authenticity.
Diamonds are the hardest known natural material and have been treasured throughout history for both their beauty and durability. The distinctive sparkle of diamonds is caused by the way they interact with light making them truly captivating to behold.
Natural diamonds are formed deep within the Earth’s mantle under extreme heat and pressure. They are then brought to the surface by volcanic eruptions and can be found in alluvial deposits around the world. Some of the most famous diamond mines are located in South Africa, Australia, and Russia.
The majority of diamonds used in jewelry today are commercially graded as “near colorless” which means they range from D (no hue) to J on the Gemological Institute of America’s (GIA) color scale. Diamonds that fall outside of this range are considered to be “fancy colored” diamonds and command much higher prices due to their rarity. The most expensive fancy colored diamonds are red, pink, blue, and green.
When shopping for diamonds, it is important to keep in mind the 4 C’s: Carat weight, Cut, Clarity, and Color. These factors will affect a diamond’s price as well as its overall appearance. It is also important to purchase your diamond from a reputable dealer who can provide certification of authenticity.